How Gummys Avoids the Dangers of Centralized Clouds with IFPS
Centralized cloud servers like Amazon Web Services have become the backbone of internet hosting in recent times. Some estimates suggest AWS powers around one-third of the entire internet, providing simple, plug-and-play tools for companies and individuals to set up their websites and applications.
Of course, AWS is completely centralized. When AWS experienced some outages back in December 2021, large swathes of the internet were put out of action for half a day. This included popular apps such as Netflix, Disney +, and many others.
Despite its claims of decentralization, the blockchain space also falls under the shadow of AWS’ centralized servers. Take Ethereum, for example. It has been shown that almost 70% of Ethereum’s network nodes are hosted on centralized server services, while around 25–35% are hosted on AWS specifically. Bitcoin nodes are also hosted on AWS, as are nodes for just about every blockchain project in the world today, with relatively few exceptions.
Centralized node hosting is a problem because it flies in the face of the so-called principles the blockchain space claims to uphold, and leaves them vulnerable to network outages, disruptions, slowdowns, or even potential attacks.
Gummys Uses Decentralized Data Hosting on Filecoin’s IFPS
While an all-encompassing video platform like Gummys could perhaps benefit from services like AWS in the short-term, the long-term dangers are too numerous to risk the well-being of the Gummys TV project.
That’s why we store the metadata for videos uploaded to Gummys TV on Filecoin’s decentralized IFPS network. IFPS, or Interplanetary File System, is a peer-to-peer protocol for storing and sharing content on the web. With IFPS, data isn’t stored on individual servers, but rather, on thousands of individual computers all over the world — at the same time.
So even if one ‘node’ on IFPS went offline, all of the remaining nodes would still be hosting all of the stored data, meaning no downtime for websites or applications that use the IFPS system.
Decentralized storage solutions like IFPS create a more robust, resilient internet that isn’t tied to large failure points like centralized servers and AWS. IFPS is also far more censorship-resistant than centralized servers since no individual or company owns or controls any of the data.
Starting in Q4, Gummys will also begin to store video content on IFPS, as well as the associated metadata.
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